What are the uses of Vitamin K?



Vitamin K helps in the process of blood clotting. Our body has a natural mechanism of clotting the blood after a cut or a wound, protecting our blood. If the mechanism fails leads to hemophilia which leads to continuous bleeding, it can result up to death. So that it is necessary to have this mechanism in our body to stop the bleeding of blood. There are so many factors responsible for blood clotting, one of the most prominent chemicals is prothrombin. Vitamin K is the only one which controls this chemical.

In 1935, a scientist named Dam invented this truth. His mother tongue is Danish; koagulation in Danish means blood clotting. That is why he referred this vitamin as vitamin K. this vitamin is also called as clotting vitamin. The other scientific names are given below:

  • Phylloquinone(K1)
  • Phytonadione
  • Menaquinone(K2)
  • Menadione(K3)

Among these K1 and K2 can be produced by the body itself from the food. So it is not necessary for us to have it daily, as it has the capacity of storing this vitamin in the body. Only K3 is produced in artificial ways for medicinal purposes.

K vitamin is a fat-soluble vitamin. So it is not necessary to consume it regularly as the body can save it for days. The stored vitamin will be used by the body later. Some people may apply this vitamin to their body along with its intake because this vitamin has the qualities of curing some skin diseases. It also believed to keep the skin young and energetic, so this vitamin is used in many beauty products.

Benefits of this vitamin

Other vitamins have the qualities of curing many diseases. Or the vitamins will be highly useful after the body gets a particular disease. But the importance of this vitamin will be identified only after we get bleeding from wounds or cuts.

The functions of vitamin K in the body

  • Produces the proteins which help in blood clotting and also monitors and controls them
  • Controls over bleeding through wounds
  • Heals skin burns and fire burns and prevents from scaring
  • Functions against over bleeding during delivery
  • Aides in the functioning of the growth of children
  • Stabilizes the functions of the kidney
  • This vitamin also helps in the production and strengthening of bones
  • Research says that women who intake this vitamin on regular basis have less chance of getting affected by low-bone density problem

Vitamin K filled products

K1 and K2 can be easily available through green vegetables. K3 can be produced only through artificial methods. Only half of the K vitamin can be achieved through foods intaken, the other half can be produced only by the good bacteria’s in our body. Children do not have the capacity of producing this vitamin by themselves. That is why this vitamin is provided as an additional supplement for the newly born kids. Other people can produce this vitamin by themselves.

Veg foods

Sources of this vitamin
Sources of this vitamin
  • Green vegetables
  • Greens
  • Lettuce
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli
  • Beans
  • Olives
  • Soya beans
  • Potato
  • Tomato
  • Vegetable oils
  • Soya oils
  • Olive oil
  • Milk
  • Milk products
  • Curd
  • Cheese
  • Fruits
  • Sprouted Grains
  • Coffee, green tea
  • Cornflakes, oats
  • Available in tablet forms

Non-veg foods

  • Pork
  • Fish oil.
  • Eggs
  • Liver parts of animals

Consumption of this vitamin

  • Men –  80 – 100 microgram (Daily)
  • Women –  65 – 80 microgram
  • Pregnant women –  65 – 80 microgram
  • Lactating Mothers – 65 – 80 microgram

It is normal to have 70 to 80 micrograms of this vitamin daily. Even if it does not meet up to it, the bacterias in our body will take care of the rest. It is a protective system created by nature for us.

Deficiency diseases

It is very rare to get this deficiency disease, but it is also very dangerous to get this deficiency. As this vitamin has the qualities of controlling the enzymes which are responsible for blood clotting. The over bleeding of blood from the wounds or cuts without clotting may lead to death. Other problems because of this deficiency are:

  • Bleeding from nose and gums
  • Blood in urination
  • Over bleeding during menstruation
  • Diarrhea
  • Swelling
  • Oversensitive to wounds

Problems of overconsuming

The most common problem over consuming this vitamin is the damage and destruction of red blood cells. Some people tend to get blood clotting so early. But we have medicines to control the above set problems

What destroys this vitamin?

Aspirin tablet, freezing cold, polluted air, x-ray like rays will stop the function of this vitamin. If vitamin E and calcium exceeds the normal level in our body will reduce the functioning of K vitamin. People who have this problem should at this vitamin more than the normal level. Overcooking may also destroy this vitamin.

Also Read: Uses of Vitamin E


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